2020 is Why We Have the Electoral College

The utterly fraudulent 2020 general election is the reason the Founding Fathers created the Electoral College. The Electoral College was intended to be the ultimate check on the ignorance of the voting public, on the best efforts of tyrants to trick and swindle the American People, and on deliberate intrigue or conspiracy. If ever there was a time that this check needed to be employed to prevent the leadership of the Republic from falling into the wrong hands, it is now.

Before I begin my analysis, a few facts: 1) Joe Biden is not the president-elect; 2) the ballots have not all been counted; 3) multiple recounts are underway; 4) numerous lawsuits are in the courts; 5) there are verifiable instances of election tampering and fraud that are being investigated and adjudicated; 6) the Electoral College, which usually has the ratifying say in who becomes president, has not convened and voted yet and will not do so until December 14; and, 7) the Constitution provides additional methods, which may be invoked through a specific process, whereby Congress may select the president regardless of popular vote or the results of the Electoral College. The takeaway from these facts is this: The 2020 election is not over and anyone who says so is either mistaken or lying to promote an agenda.

The Founding Fathers were justifiably concerned about giving the People the ability to directly choose their leaders because they correctly understood that the average person is not particularly qualified to make such an important decision. They were students of history and knew that democracies have always imploded. James Madison, for instance, said that “democracies have ever been spectacles of turbulence and contention; have ever been found incompatible with personal security or the rights of property; and have in general been as short in their lives as they have been violent in their deaths” (James Madison, Federalist No. 10). The Founders knew that when the People are given too much say in the routine affairs of government, without proper checks and limitations, they become mobocratic and eventually divide into factions and tear themselves apart.

The Founding Fathers were more worried about factions dividing the nation than perhaps any other thing. Again, they were keen students of history and knew that there has never been an instance of a democracy not destroying itself through division and internal strife. America was therefore never intended to be a democracy where 51% of the population could dominate the 49%. Rather, we were created as a Republic based on rule of law, written constitutions, and carefully divided powers.

Self-rule is a sacred principle in our nation. Yet, the American conception of self-rule is very different than it is in the few other nations that have tried it. Our version of self-government is designed to maximize the individual’s control over his life on the local level – that level which touches the vast majority of a person’s affairs. The federal government, however, was intended to be the purview of statesmen who were specialized and best suited for the purpose of administering nation-wide programs and foreign policy – those aspects of life not particularly familiar to the average citizen. These national representatives would still be public servants, but were expected to be more highly qualified men who stood out from their peers in terms of virtue, patriotism, and wisdom.

For clarification, in our constitutional republic, the People act through representatives. We directly control our own local affairs in everyday matters, but from there our political power extends outward to representatives in our communities, then counties, then states, and, finally, the federal government. This bottom-up flow of power is further filtered through a host of mechanisms to restrain and divide it. Perhaps no mechanism exemplifies this division of powers and careful checks on raw democratic expression than the Electoral College.

Founding Father Elbridge Gerry summed up his colleagues’ opinion on leaving the appointment of the president in the hands of the People:

“A popular election in this case is radically vicious. The ignorance of the people would put it in the power of some one set of men dispersed through the Union, and acting in concert, to delude them into any appointment” (W. Cleon Skousen, The Making of America: The Substance and Meaning of the Constitution, 524).

If the People are too liable to be deceived and divided by conniving conspirators, the popular vote is therefore out of the question. How then did our Founding Fathers establish the selection of the president if not by direct popular vote? Of course, they set up the Electoral College system. What is this system and how does it function?

In Arthur J. Stansbury’s once popular text Elementary Catechism on the Constitution of the United States, we find a Q & A format for learning about our nation’s founding document. After learning that the constitutional scheme of divided powers “is the great safeguard of freedom,” we find this exchange describing the process of electing a president:

“Q. How does any man become President of the United States?

A. He is elected [chosen] by the people of the United States.

Q. How is this done; do the people themselves at once choose the President?

A. No; this might lead to great confusion. But the people choose the Legislatures of the different States, these Legislatures appoint electors, and those electors choose the President.

Q. Explain this more particularly.

A. You know what is meant by the Legislatures of the States; they consist of persons chosen in each State to make the State laws. These persons, when met together, appoint, in any way they think proper, a number of persons who are called Electors, because they afterwards choose the President.

Q. How many of these Electors of President are appointed in each State?

A. As many as the state has members in both Houses of Congress. For instance; a state which is entitled to two Senators and eight members of the House of Representatives must appoint ten electors of President; a state which has two Senators and twenty members of the House of Representatives, must appoint twenty-two electors.

Q. May any person they please be appointed an elector?

A. Not every person may; Senators of the United States, members of the House of Representatives, and all persons who hold any office of trust or profit under the United States, are incapable of being electors of the President.

Q. Why?

A. For fear any President of the United States might use improper means to get himself chosen again when his time of service should expire. The President has frequent opportunities to see the members of Congress and persuade them; and as he himself has the appointment of most persons who hold offices, he might threaten to remove, or promise to keep them in their places, and thus destroy their freedom of election.

Q. How do these electors proceed?

A. The electors appointed by each state meet in the states that appointed them, and vote by ballot for the President, and for another officer called the Vice President of the United States. The electors all meet on one and the same day in their several states; the day is fixed by Congress.

Q. What do you mean by voting by ballot?

A. When it is wished to conceal the manner in which each particular person voted, and yet to know what is the opinion of the greater number of voters, the voters instead of speaking their minds, put each a piece of folded paper into a box; these papers are called ballots, and when all have voted, these ballots are examined and counted. . . .

Q. What does the President of the Senate do with these lists [of ballots]?

A. He opens them in the presence of the Senate and the House of Representatives, who are all met in one hall to be present when the votes are counted. Each House appoints some of its own members who unite in a committee and count all the votes; when the person having the greatest number of votes for President is declared to be the President” (Arthur J. Stansbury, Elementary Catechism on the Constitution of the United States: For the Use of Schools, 44-47).

That is how the Electoral College works. It’s actually somewhat simple. And it has worked for over two centuries. Alexander Hamilton noted that the Electoral College system was one of the most unanimously supported parts of the entire U.S. Constitution:

“The mode of appointment of the Chief Magistrate of the United States is almost the only part of the system, of any consequence, which has escaped without severe censure, or which has received the slightest mark of approbation from its opponents” (Alexander Hamilton, Federalist No. 68).

The Electoral College has been greatly bastardized, as we will discuss below. However, now that we know how the Electoral College was originally designed to work, let’s address how this system remedies the dangers mentioned above by Elbridge Gerry. Let’s again consult Alexander Hamilton to see why the Electoral College was so heartily approved by our wise Founding Fathers. Notice the motivation behind the creation of this peculiar mechanism:

“It was equally desirable, that the immediate election should be made by men most capable of analyzing the qualities adapted to the station, and acting under circumstances favorable to deliberation, and to a judicious combination of all the reasons and inducements which were proper to govern their choice. A small number of persons, selected by their fellow-citizens from the general mass, will be most likely to possess the information and discernment requisite to such complicated investigations.

“It was also peculiarly desirable to afford as little opportunity as possible to tumult and disorder. This evil was not least to be dreaded in the election of a magistrate, who was to have so important an agency in the administration of the government as the President of the United States. But the precautions which have been so happily concerted in the system under consideration, promise an effectual security against this mischief. The choice of SEVERAL, to form an intermediate body of electors, will be much less apt to convulse the community with any extraordinary or violent movements, than the choice of ONE who was himself to be the final object of the public wishes. And as the electors, chosen in each State, are to assemble and vote in the State in which they are chosen, this detached and divided situation will expose them much less to heats and ferments, which might be communicated from them to the people, than if they were all to be convened at one time, in one place.

“Nothing was more to be desired than that every practicable obstacle should be opposed to cabal, intrigue, and corruption. These most deadly adversaries of republican government might naturally have been expected to make their approaches from more than one querter, but chiefly from the desire in foreign powers to gain an improper ascendant in our councils. How could they better gratify this, than by raising a creature of their own to the chief magistracy of the Union? But the convention have guarded against all danger of this sort, with the most provident and judicious attention. They have not made the appointment of the President to depend on any preexisting bodies of men, who might be tampered with beforehand to prostitute their votes; but they have referred it in the first instance to an immediate act of the people of America, to be exerted in the choice of persons for the temporary and sole purpose of making the appointment. And they have excluded from eligibility to this trust, all those who from situation might be suspected of too great devotion to the President in office. No senator, representative, or other person holding a place of trust or profit under the United States, can be of the numbers of the electors. Thus without corrupting the body of the people, the immediate agents in the election will at least enter upon the task free from any sinister bias. Their transient existence, and their detached situation, already taken notice of, afford a satisfactory prospect of their continuing so, to the conclusion of it. The business of corruption, when it is to embrace so considerable a number of men, requires time as well as means. Nor would it be found easy suddenly to embark them, dispersed as they would be over thirteen States, in any combinations founded upon motives, which though they could not properly be denominated corrupt, might yet be of a nature to mislead them from their duty” (Alexander Hamilton, Federalist No. 68).

What were the reasons the Constitutional Convention created the Electoral College according to Alexander Hamilton? First, this function was established in order that a small group of people who “possess the information and discernment” might select the highest officer in the land. Second, taking the burden of choice away from the great mass of people and endowing a small number of rotating electors with the duty to select the best man for the job was intended as a check on democratic passions. Choosing the president on the state level, rather on the national, was intended to prevent “tumult and disorder” and “violent moments” that might lead to civil war.

Thirdly, the Electoral College was set up to guard against “the desire in foreign powers to gain an improper ascendant in our councils” and to thwart the machinations of “cabal, intrigue, and corruption.” It was believed that this body of electors, chosen just prior to the selecting of the president and comprised of different people every election, could not be sufficiently influenced by the bribery or intimidation of a conspiracy. Spread out as they were across a large country and selected locally instead of by a single national body, these electors could also not coordinate their efforts to vote in a bloc for a predetermined candidate. Rather, their “immediate act” would be stripped of the time and coordination needed for a conspiracy to form among them, thus ensuring, theoretically, that the electors could remain “detached” from the bias of party, faction, or intrigue, and instead put their country first.

And this is the crux of the matter – the Electoral College was never meant to be bound to the popular vote, but instead was left free to select the best candidate for the presidency. Because of its undemocratic nature, communists, socialists, and liberals of all types – those who promote “democracy” as essential to their ploys – have targeted the Electoral College for destruction. They’ve launched a massive effort to abolish the Electoral College altogether, which would pave the way for them to capture a total monopoly of power because it is they who rule in the high population centers like California and New York which would determine the officers of state in a popular vote.

One of the dirty tricks designed to void the efficacy of Electoral College is for states to “legally” (albeit unconstitutionally) bind electors to the popular vote in their state. For instance, under this conception, if the majority of Californians voted for Joe Biden, then the Californian electors would be compelled to cast their votes for Biden regardless of their personal wishes, their desires for the success and well-being of their nation, or any conscientious objections they may have. This backdoor way of gutting the Electoral College is known as the Uniform Faithful Presidential Electors Act (UFPEA). It has been adopted by nearly half the states in the Union.

Earlier this year, the Supreme Court gave its opinion that the states may indeed bind their electors and punish those who exercise their lawful agency to vote their conscience. Unbelievably, most “conservatives” supported and cheered the Supreme Court’s opinion, grossly misunderstanding the way in which it could be used to undermine the current electoral system. In a lengthy article I penned on the issue, I wrote:

“What exactly does the Constitution say about the Electoral College? The most relevant portion regarding the Electoral College, Article 2, Section1, Clause 2, mandates:

“Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress.”

“Justice Kagan and her comrades on the Court interpreted “in such Manner as the Legislature thereof my direct” as carte blanche state control over electors – including over the candidate electors vote for. Said differently, they interpret this wording as implying state control over electors’ votes. As we see, the “implied powers” strike again.

“The notion of “implied powers” has haunted this nation for generations. Power-hungry bureaucrats love to read between the lines and imply authority that is not explicitly contained in the Constitution. In our present case, for example, the Constitution does not say that states have carte blanche over electors’ votes. Nowhere does it say that they may force electors to vote for a specific candidate, punish them if they vote their conscience, or otherwise limit their free will in the matter. It simply says that state legislatures may determine how electors are appointed.

“A federal government website gives readers a basic understanding of the Electoral College that the members of the Supreme Court seem to not have. It explains the process and obligations simply:

““Each state gets as many electors as it has members of Congress (House and Senate). Including Washington, D.C.’s three electors, there are currently 538 electors in all. . . .

““Each state’s political parties choose their own slate of potential electors. Who is chosen to be an elector, how, and when varies by state.

““After you cast your ballot for president, your vote goes to a statewide tally. In 48 states and Washington, D.C., the winner gets all the electoral votes for that state. Maine and Nebraska assign their electors using a proportional system.

““A candidate needs the vote of at least 270 electors—more than half of all electors—to win the presidential election.

““In most cases, a projected winner is announced on election night in November after you vote. But the actual Electoral College vote takes place in mid-December when the electors meet in their states.

““The Constitution doesn’t require electors to follow their state’s popular vote, but it’s rare for one not to.” . . . .

“The Electoral College is part of the Constitution. It helps preserve our republican institutions. It gives middle America a voice. It maintains a balance of power so that the nation cannot be dominated by socialist California and New York. God help We the People to see the error of our ways and reject the seductive voices calling for more democracy! Lord help us, while we still can, to compel our state and national representatives to overturn the venomous Supreme Court opinion which essentially binds our electors to the popular vote and erases the fail-safe put in place by our wise Founding Fathers to prevent corruption and civil war! And may the Constitution stand now and forever!”

Unfortunately, we’ve done nothing to free up our electors. Now, as this article goes live, we have electors all across the nation casting their votes under duress and threat of punishment instead of voting for the benefit and preservation America. Because we were apathetic and allowed an activist court to subvert the Constitution, many of our electors are now compelled to cast their all-important votes in accordance with an utterly fraudulent and fabricated popular vote.

Can you begin to see the wisdom of disassociating the election of the president from the popular vote – a vote which can so easily be manipulated and fudged? As our system stands now in its perverted and altered condition, a few key states can manipulate their popular votes, bind their electors to these fraudulent tallies, and thereby steal a presidential election.

Let me say that again more clearly: Right now we are witnessing as several key states with large populations, like Pennsylvania, have outright fabricated their popular vote tally in favor of Joe Biden. The state’s electors now must vote for Biden even though Biden did not actually win the real popular vote and in spite of the Constitution nowhere permitting states to bind electors. By this method, the Democrats and their Red backers are literally stealing the election in front of our eyes.

Can you see our Founding Fathers’ wisdom in creating an undemocratic body like the Electoral College to choose the president instead of allowing popular vote tallies to determine the matter? The chaos we see today has come about not because of their ingenious system, but because we have not followed it. We have allowed states to pass laws binding their electors. We have allowed courts to approve these unconstitutional laws. And now we have allowed criminals to steal the popular vote. When added together, this combination is toxic and results in the theft of the presidency and the final destruction of the American Republic.

Had the Electoral College functioned properly, the Republic would have been spared the misrule of despots ranging from Lincoln to Wilson to FDR to Obama. Sadly, almost from the inception, the Electoral College has not fulfilled the measure of its creation. As much as we might want to, we cannot change the past. But the future has not been written yet. Though the Electoral College did not function properly in 1860, 1912, 1932, 2008, and any other number of election years where traitors ascended to power, there’s no reason why it cannot work in 2020 if patriots will simply ignore unconstitutional laws and court opinions.

I think it highly unlikely that the electors will muster the courage to overrule the fraudulent popular vote and select Donald J. Trump – the rightful winner of the legally cast ballots – as the next president. Yet, the point I’m laboring to make is that it is not a foregone conclusion. Though the Electoral College has been undermined by the courts and by large states seeking to dominate smaller ones, there is still time for these individuals – these special electors – to do the right thing. There is still the opportunity, if these 538 electors will but grasp it, to rebuke Joe Biden and the corrupt clique of gangsters attempting to steal the presidential election and rob 75 million Americans of their voice.

If these electors go along with the swindle and select Bolshevik Biden as the next president, they will one day stand before a higher Judge and account for it. I would not want to be in their position when they have to explain to God why they thought it was ok to sell out the United States of America to a group of conniving communists criminals.

Finally, I have predicted that President Trump would prevail in his legal challenges against the overwhelming election fraud and remain president. In particular, I said that even if he only wins a fraction of the lawsuits, he’ll be reelected because of how mammoth, obvious, and coordinated the fraud was. I’m not yet prepared to say “I was wrong,” but the window of opportunity is closing rapidly as judges show their true colors and deny President Trump’s suits, as state legislatures fail to find their spines and allow electors to be sent to the Electoral College despite the fact that they’re representing a fraudulent vote tally, and as Republicans high and low waffle on whether to stand with the duly-elected president or with the Establishment they’ve secretly served for so long.

In many instances, such as with the communist BLM/Antifa rioting this summer, President Trump is all talk and no action. In our present case, he’s allowing his legal team to fight this battle for him and is largely keeping himself out of it. This is a grave mistake that could cost him the presidency. He ought to be holding daily rallies and giving daily speeches to the American People detailing the conspiracy to steal the election and disenfranchise the voting public. It will be much harder after the Electoral College votes against him, as they will almost certainly do.

Furthermore, the president has power that can be brought to bear on the criminals who are attempting to steal the election away from him. So far, President Trump has failed to use a single one. Perhaps he is not even aware of the options available to him, though his 2018 executive order suggests he is aware of the lengths he can go to stop the conspiratorial theft of the election. In an upcoming article, I’ll discuss the remedies available to President Trump regardless of what happens on Monday in the Electoral College or on January 6 when Congress formally counts the votes.

Pray for the electors. Pray for the president. Pray for anyone and everyone engaged in the fight against the communist conspirators foreign and domestic who stand on the verge of openly stealing the election and using the power it will give them to once and for all plunge America into the abyss of socialist hell. Now is the time to peacefully but forcefully protest while also preparing in earnest to resist tyranny with every tool in the patriot’s arsenal. Let the spirit of Lexington and Concord, of 1776, of Bunker Hill, and of the Delaware crossing flow through you. It’s time to show which side we’re really on. It’s time to conquer of die. Sic Semper Tyrannis. Long Live Liberty!

Zack Strong,

December 14, 2020

The Masked American

The masked American is an oxymoron. Or, perhaps, just a moron. The name “American” is a great honor. It signifies one who is free, one who understands and cherishes his rights, one who governs himself, and one who resists the arbitrary dictates of tyrants and oppressors. Mask mandates are incompatible with American law, American heritage, and, most importantly, the nature of Americanism.

A crowd of masked Americans is an offensive, revolting sight. It’s unnatural and bizarre. Americans looks miserable as they trudge around in their silly masks. You can see the shame in their eyes. They know, deep down, that they were not meant to wear masks and that mask mandates are an affront to our heritage as American freemen. They know that the children of the Sons of Liberty should never be forced to wear coverings around their faces at the demand of some government bureaucrat. Medical mask mandates are, simply, unAmerican.

Americans were not created to be shackled with slave masks! They were not made to be pushed around by their elected representatives. They were not created to be talked down to like toddlers. They were not meant to be told what to wear, what to do, where to go, with whom they may meet, or how far to stand away from their friends. Living micromanaged lives may be fine in Red China, but it is not part of being an American.

Masks are a symbol of fear. A fearful people is not a free people. Are we truly the land of the free as we never tire of saying? Not if we’re the land of masked subjects! Do we truly honor our troops who “fought and died for our Freedom”? Not if we so callously give away our rights when some smooth-faced despot tells us to do so for our “safety”! I repeat: Masks are a symbol of fear and a culture of fear is not compatible with a culture of Freedom.

Seeing a sea of masked Asians doesn’t raise my ire because Asians have lived in highly collectivized and micromanaged societies for millennia. They’re cogs in the machine of state – insignificant parts of a human mass that exists to serve. I can imagine the ancestors of the Chinese wearing masks as obediently as their progeny does today. The same goes for most societies across the globe because collectivism, conformity, and servility are in their heritage. Slavery is the default state of the bulk of humanity.

I cannot, however, imagine seeing the Vikings, Romans, Celts, Scottish, or Anglo-Saxons walking around in masks. Germanic and Nordic peoples, while creating sophisticated societies with ordered Liberty, are not mindless collectivists by nature. Picturing Anglo-Saxon peoples walking around sheepishly in masks is an absurdity to the rational mind! No one will ever convince me that Ragnar, Julius Caesar, Vercingetorix, William Wallace, or Hengist and Horsa would have fearfully acquiesced to wear face masks. And certainly no one will persuade me to believe that the American Pilgrims and Founding Fathers would have submitted to wear ridiculous face coverings.

Early Americans were a different breed of human. They were tough. They were hardy. They were the men and women who tamed a wilderness, defeated wild Indian attackers, established thriving cities on a docile continent, and forged a civilization unrivaled in wealth, power, technology, advancement, influence, systems of government, and personal Freedom.

Americans were also incredibly well-educated, polished, and refined. They understood history, studied classic languages, comprehended the law, and immersed themselves in self-government. They were upright, pious, loved virtue, and worshiped the God who gave them life and Liberty. They were men and women of valor, discipline, and honor. These were not people to tamely surrender themselves to the capricious whims of self-appointed rulers.

Who can honestly believe that Patrick Henry would have silently acquiesced to the totalitarian dictates of conniving usurpers like Governors Gavin Newsom, Gretchen Whitmer, Kate Brown, Gary Herbert, and Andrew Cuomo? Who can believe that Samuel Adams, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, and George Washington would have gone along with their elected leaders commanding them to wear masks over their faces, ordering them to close down their businesses to make someone else feel safe, dictating how they interacted with their fellow citizens, or placing arbitrary restrictions on their private lives?

Early American patriots would not have tolerated the unhinged babbling of mini-tyrants like tens of millions of servile Americans do today. The men who threw tea into Boston Harbor to protest British economic manipulation would never have complied with the closure of their businesses and livelihoods in the name of fighting a disease – and certainly not one with a 99.9% survivability rate. The freemen who stared down the Redcoats on the Lexington town green would never have donned face masks, canceled worship services, called off holidays with their families, or adopted the idiotic habit of standing six feet away from everyone they met simply because their public servants commanded them to do so.

The masked American is an anomaly in U.S. history precisely because of how unAmerican his servility is. He is not like the men of 1776. He is not like the Indian fighters who made the forests and plains safe from savage attacks on our People. He is not like the Pioneers who spread American exceptionalism across the continent. He is not like the warriors who defended the Alamo against invading Mexicans. He is not like the Marines who stormed Iwo Jima. No, the masked American is a sad aberration – an American-in-name-only.

Mask mandates are incompatible with American heritage, American history, and American nature. Not only are masks unAmerican, they are unconstitutional. No governor, no state legislator, no mayor, no sheriff, no congressman, no president, and no judge has any authority to force you to wear a mask, to close your business, to compel you to stand six feet away from other people, to fine you for walking outside with out a mask, to harass you for worshiping God in a congregation, to restrict your right to travel because you don’t want to undergo invasive medical testing, or to dictate how many people you may have in your home for Thanksgiving. All of this is unAmerican. It’s an assault on the very foundation of Americanism.

Masks have even seemingly taken the place of God for many churches and individuals. Instead of living in faith, society has decided it’s better to live in fear. Instead of worshiping God, they worship the state and its idol – the medical mask. Traditional Americans work, worship, and live in faith. Servile Americans, if such a contradictory thing can truly exist, have broken from tradition and have instead adopted the Marxist lifestyle with its mandatory masks, mandatory fear, and mandatory thralldom.

The masked American is, I repeat, an oxymoron. True Americans don’t comply with public mask mandates. If a private store wishes to require you to wear a mask, that’s their right – just as they’ve always been able to say “no shirt, no shoes, no service.” And you have the concomitant right of shopping elsewhere and rewarding other businesses that are not insane enough to require you to buy into media hysteria about the Coronahoax. But a public mask mandate is unconstitutional, unsanitary, and unAmerican.

Masked Americans are not the successors of the patriots of 1776. Those good men would have never complied with the tyranny Americans take for granted today. The masked American is a sad figure who is fighting against his nature in wearing a ridiculous face covering. While it might befit an Asian or Latino to wear a medical mask around all day, it is wholly inappropriate for children of the Pilgrims, Pioneers, and Patriots to do so.

Masks have become a symbol of slavery and obedience – a sick initiation into the cult of communist totalitarianism. Nothing about this “new normal” is actually normal. America has no room for such servility. America’s true motto is the one proudly adopted by Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson: Rebellion to Tyrants is Obedience to God. Don’t be a masked American; be a real American.

Zack Strong,

November 18, 2020